🇬🇧 Dog Breeds From England: 33 Dog Breeds From United Kingdom

Airedale Terrier | Dog Breeds From England.

Airedale Terrier

The Airedale Terrier, a hunting dog, is the native of Yorkshire, England. This Terrier alert, energetic and fearless is also known as the Bingley Terrier or the Waterside Terrier. These Dog Breeds From England are known as the “”King of Terriers”” as they are the most extensive English Terriers. Typically bred as farm dogs and hunters, but were even used as war dogs, police dogs, guide dogs, etc. Airedale Terriers have tan and black short rough coats, facial mustaches, and are medium sized. They can be fantastic family dogs and low maintenance too. These hardy breeds live about 10-12 years and are prone to hip dysplasia, dermatitis, bloating, and allergies.

Beagle

Beagles scent hounds and are highly intelligent, gentle, and determined. Originated in the 1830s were used for hunting hare and are now used as detective dogs. These Dog Breeds From England are well depicted in popular culture from the Elizabethan Era and entertainment industries. Beagles are pack animals having a superb sense of smell but feature better ground-scenting abilities. They are beloved family dogs, good watch dogs and are easy to maintain. Beagles have floppy ears, commonly a tricolored short coat of white,black and tan shades and are small. They live 12-15 years and are prone to epilepsy, disk diseases, and dwarfism.

Bedlington Terrier

The Bedlington Terrier, a native of North East England is a very athletic, intelligent, and gentle dog. This 19th-century dog was bred for hunting and used in dog shows, sports, and fighting purposes. These Dog Breeds From England are excellent swimmers and feature swift-running skills. Often referred to as the firing of a machine gun, they are versatile and have a high prey drive. Bedlington Terriers love to fight but make great companions to families. This unusual lamb lookalike has rugged curly grey short coats like small breeds. These Terriers are expensive, having a lifespan up to 13.5 years, and are prone to copper toxicosis, eye, and kidney diseases.

Border Collie

The Border Collie is a working dog of British-Scottish descent. Collies are acrobatic, athletic, and highly intelligent. Traditionally bred for herding livestock, especially sheep, are excellent in dog sports too. These Dog Breeds From England are the most intelligent breeds in the world. Border Collies are famous as companion dogs and are best suited for active families with children or other dogs. These medium sized dogs have a double coat which comes in various shades , having distinct eye colours like blue to brown. They shed a lot and need intense grooming. Collies live 12-15 years and are prone to genetic diseases like Collie eye anomaly and epilepsy.

Bull Terrier

Bull Terriers are hunters and fighters. Typically bred to hunt vermin and were used in blood sports. These Dog Breeds From England are powerful, protective, and stubborn. Bull Terriers are often labeled as the “”Lord Gladiator”” because of their non-stop stamina. Bullies tend to get aggressive if not trained or socialized correctly but make excellent pets for families with an active lifestyle. These dogs have a significant “”egg head”” with a short-haired coat of white, brindle combinations, triangular eyes, and solid round muscular frame. These dogs are easy maintenance, have a longevity of 10-14 years, and are prone to deafness and skin allergies.

Bulldog

Bulldog or the English Bulldog, regarded as a mascot of England, is kind, patient, yet stubborn. These Dog Breeds From England are now kept as loving family dogs though initially bred for bull-baiting. But after the sport was banned, these dogs were left of no use, and the breeders worked extensively to reduce their aggressiveness to make them household pets. Bulldogs have the iconic wrinkly face, drooping lips, and sleek short coats of white, fawn, or brindle shades. These medium-sized dogs live 8–10 years and are typically high maintenance as they are prone to allergies, eye problems, skin disease, gallbladder stones, and respiratory issues.

Clumber Spaniel

Clumber Spaniels are natives of the United Kingdom. The Clumber Spaniel was owned and bred by the British Royals in the mid 19th century. These Dog Breeds From England are the giant breeds of Spaniel. Clumbers are gentle, affectionate, and dignified dogs. They were gundogs who hunted under heavy cover, having a delicate nose and good stamina. These dogs are good watchdogs and make great family companions. They have a characteristic “”melting head”” with dense white coats of orange or lemon markings and freckles. Clumber Spaniels require extensive grooming. They live 10-12 years, are prone to hip dysplasia or spinal disc herniation, and are heat sensitive.

Curly-Coated Retriever

The curly-coated Retriever or the curly is a hunting dog. These Dog Breeds From England were bred for waterfowl and upland bird hunting and were popular among gamekeepers. Curly Retrievers are intelligent, lively, affectionate, and are great family dogs. They are the oldest perceived and the tallest among the Retrievers around the world. Now it participates in dog sports and is used as therapy, rescue, and drug-sniffing dogs. They have a distinct crisp curly short coat of black or liver shades. These medium-sized dogs with easy maintenance.They live 9–14 years, and are prone to hip dysplasia, eye problems, bloat, and epilepsy.

English Cocker Spaniel

The famous English Cocker Spaniel, a gundog and a show dog, is a very cheerful, intelligent alert. These Dog Breeds From England were used for hunting down woodcocks. English Cocker Spaniels have been very successful in dog shows for ages. They are fantastic family dogs and are well suited for apartment life. These sporting dogs need an active lifestyle with an intense exercise regime to quench their stamina. Cocker Spaniels are small-sized, have long wavy-haired coats of roan or partly colored markings, long ears, and beady eyes. They are high maintenance, have a lifespan of 12-15 years, and are prone to deafness, skin allergies, obesity, and hip dysplasia.

English Foxhound

English Foxhound is a native of Great Britain. The English Foxhounds are scent hounds bred to hunt down foxes. These Dog Breeds From England are intelligent, courageous, and friendly. They originated even before the 1800s and were preferred by English men for their sporting chase. These Foxhounds are typically rare and have high energy levels. These dogs are good companions for active families and are wonderful watchdogs. Foxhounds are pack-oriented and require regular exercise. They are medium-sized, have shiny short coats of black, white, and tan tri-color shades. Foxhounds are low maintenance, live about 10-13 years. These dogs are healthy breeds with occasional problems like hip dysplasia, renal disease, and epilepsy.

English Mastiff

The English Mastiff, a giant breed, is powerful, calm, and courageous. Mastiffs are successors of the ancient war dog Molosser. These Dog Breeds From England were bred to guard estates, night patrolling, and even bull-baiting, dog fighting, bear-baiting, etc. Later on, after blood sports were banned, they were used in dog shows. Mastiffs are notable loving family pets, need daily exercise, are laid-back, and have a distinct drooling habit. Mastiffs have massive frames with short-haired coats of iconic silver-fawn shade and a black mask. They are high maintenance dogs, having a lifespan of 6-11 years, and are prone to health issues like hip dysplasia, gastric torsion, and obesity.

English Setter

The English Setter is a medium-sized gundog. These dogs are used for hunting small game like quail, grouse, and pheasants. These Dog Breeds From England are energetic, alert, and mischievous. Setters have unique air scenting abilities and were trained as bird dogs in the 19th century. They are great companions for active families with homes having open yards. English Setters need regular exercise and require high grooming. They have silky long-haired white coats of various colored spots and fringed hairs around legs and belly. Setters are high maintenance, live 11-14 years, and are prone to elbow dysplasia, deafness, hypothyroidism, hip dysplasia and epilepsy.

English Springer Spaniel

The English Springer Spaniel is a gundog and is also used as a sniffer dog. These dogs are alert, intelligent, and eager by nature. These Dog Breeds From England are excellent working dogs and hunting companions. Springers are typical one master dogs that make amazing family dogs and are often called “Velcro dogs.” These breeds were used for flushing, retrieving and are now used as rescue, search dogs. These Spaniels are sturdy medium-sized, have long-haired coats with fluffy features on the legs and tail of various tones. They have a longevity of 12-14 years, need good grooming, and are prone to hip dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy.

English Toy Terrier

The English Toy Terrier is a toy dog known for being agile, devoted, and loyal. These Dog Breeds From England were bred as companion dogs in the 16th century. These Terriers were even used in the bloodsport rat-baiting, which was popular on the Victorian streets. These vulnerable, rare dogs are family dogs and affectionate towards children. This English Toy Terrier is suited for both apartments and tiny houses. These small breeds have distinct erect ears, smooth short-haired coats of black, tan shades, and a long thin tail. They live 10-12 years, are prone to patellar luxation, deafness, and skin problems, and high maintenance.

Field Spaniel

The rare Field Spaniels are active, sensitive, and adaptable by nature and are used as field hunters. These Dog Breeds From England were first developed in the late 19th century, an all-black show dog. But later, it was redeveloped into a more suitable sporting dog. They are good family companions and are patient with children. This hunting dog requires an active exercise regimen and needs good grooming. These Spaniels are medium-sized, have a long single coat of black, or liver shades, features featuring fur, and long ears. Field Spaniels are prone to cataracts, retinal atrophy, retinal dysplasia, and hip-dysplasia, live 10-12 years and require high maintenance.

Jack Russell Terrier

Jack Russell Terriers, small-sized dogs, are energetic, intelligent, keen, and are excellent at agility and flyball. Initially, they are hunting dogs used for ground-dwelling quarries. These Dog Breeds From England were bred to bolt foxes, otters, groundhogs, badgers, etc. This dog was used for hunting only, but they were kept as companion dogs after the war. Jack Russells are easy to groom and need extensive exercise. They have smooth short white coats with orange patches and have a stocky build. Jack Russell lives 13-16 years, is low maintenance, and is a healthy breed but can be prone to cataracts, deafness, and patellar luxation.

King Charles Spaniel

King Charles Spaniel, the giant toy dog, is athletic, affectionate, and playful. These Dog Breeds From England were bred as a companion and show dogs but inherited the hunting skills from their ancestors who were used for hunting by the British Royals. Charles Spaniels competes in dog sports like agility, flyball, and rally and is good at flushing and retrieving birds. They are fantastic family dogs and need high grooming. These Spaniels are small-sized with silky, wavy coats of white-chestnut markings, domed heads, long ears, and fur features. They are high maintenance, having a lifespan of 9-14 years, and are prone to mitral valve disease.

Lakeland Terrier

The Lakeland Terrier is the native of the Lake District of England. These Dog Breeds From England are confident, affectionate, and friendly. Lakelands were initially bred for hunting vermins and foxes for the farmers. They gained fame for hunting in places that were hard to reach. The rare Lakeland Terriers make great family companions, need an active lifestyle filled with exercise and activities, and require good grooming. These Terriers are small-sized dogs, have thick wiry coats of black, tan, or red shades with terrier-like features of rectangular heads and facial hairs. They are prone to lens luxation and distichiasis and have a lifespan of 12-16 years.

Lancashire Heeler

Lancashire Heelers, small, sturdy dogs, are clever, alert, and friendly. These Dog Breeds From England were typically bred to herd cattle and as a drover. The Heelers are old breeds that served as farm dogs, ratting and herding cattle for over a hundred years. They are popular companion dogs, show dogs, and excel in dog sports like agility and obedience. They are the best-suited families having homes with yards. Lancashire Heelers closely resemble the Welsh Corgi and Manchester Terrier. These small-sized dogs have shiny harsh coats of black-tan, liver shades, and erect ears. They require low grooming needs, live 12-15 years, and are prone to eye problems.

Manchester Terrier

The Manchester Terrier, an actual terrier-type dog, is currently in danger of extinction. They are fiesty, devoted, and keen breeds. These Dog Breeds From England are known for being expert hunters bred to control rats and vermins. Manchester Terrier was used in rabbit coursing and rat-baiting until the sport was banned. These dogs were known as ‘The Gentleman’s Terrier’ because of their excellent mannerism. They are great family dogs and are excellent watchdogs. These Terriers have smooth, short-haired coats of black-tan shade and have a stoic presence. They are easy to groom and live 12-14 years. Though healthy, these breeds may be prone to lens luxation and Von Willebrands disease.

Miniature Bull Terrier

Miniature Bull Terrier is the downsize of Bull Terrier and is playful, stubborn, and energetic. These Dog Breeds From England are one of the most expensive small breeds. They were initially bred for ratting and pit-fighting purposes. But after the banning of blood sports, these dogs were extensively kept as family dogs and earth dogs. The Mini Bulls are often referred to as ‘clowns’ and have a habit of chasing their tails. It has the iconic ‘egg face,’ sturdy small-sized frame, and short-haired coats of white, black, or brindle shades. Mini Bulls need good maintenance, have a longevity of 11-14 years, and are prone to deafness and kidney problems.

Norfolk Terrier

The Norfolk Terrier is one of the most miniature working dog breeds and is fearless, confident, and alert. These Dog Breeds From England were bred to catch fox and ground hunt vermins. This Terrier was even used as a ratter and an earth dog. They became popular when the University students started flaunting them, and they were known as Cantab Terriers. Norfolk Terriers are great companion dogs and love an active lifestyle. These Terriers are closely related to the Norwich Terriers and have hard, wiry coats of red, black, or tan shades, drop-ears, and a compact build. It requires high grooming needs, lives 12-15 years, and is prone to mitral valve disease and luxating patellas.

Old English Sheep

Old English Sheepdog, an old breed of herding dog, is intelligent, friendly, and lively by nature. This Sheepdog became famous as a show dog and continues to woo dog shows till now. These Dog Breeds From England were initially used as a drover, herding livestock and farm dogs. The Old English Sheepdog even competes in dog sports such as ability, obedience, and herding trials. They make loving companions, need high grooming and exercise to stay fit. These English Sheepdogs are large-sized, have bushy long-haired dense coats of grey, grizzle, or black shades with white markings. It has a lifespan of 10-12 years and is prone to hip dysplasia, cataracts, deafness, and heatstroke.

Otterhound

The Otterhound, a scenthound that is now considered to be a vulnerable breed worldwide. This hound is calm, high-spirited, and friendly. These Dog Breeds From England are well known for it’s scenting abilities and stamina. Typically, these breeds were bred to hunt otter and later was used for hunting minks. Otterhounds are excellent family companions and require intense exercise to burn off their high energy. They have extraordinary tracking abilities and are good watchdogs. These large dogs have a rough double coat of black, tan grizzle shades and webbed feet. Otterhounds have a lifespan of 10-13 years, require moderate maintenance, and are prone to elbow and hip dysplasia, canine thrombopathia, and gastric torsion.

Patterdale Terrier

The Patterdale Terrier, a working terrier, is a native of England. These Dog Breeds From England are intelligent, bold, and confident. The poachers initially bred them for the dispatch, hunting of foxes and rabbits. These dogs were even used for the control of the Eurasian badgers. These Terriers excel in the dog sports like agility and terrier racing. They are great family dogs, are pretty stubborn while training, love to track, wander, and require regular exercise. Patterdale Terriers have coarse, dense coats of black, tan, or liver shades and have a fit demeanor. This small-sized dog lives 10-12 years, has low grooming needs, and is prone to bacterial infections.

Pointer

Pointer, a medium-sized dog, is a kind, active and loyal breed. Traditionally bred to help hunters by pointing the game, and are considered to be the finest of the pointing breeds. These Dog Breeds From England are old dog breeds having superb air scenting abilities. Pointer or the English Pointer is often termed as a ‘versatile gundog.’ They are amusing companions for active families having homes with big yards. Pointers require daily exercise and are excellent in dog sports. They have a slender athletic build, fine short-haired coats of white with orange or black markings, and a different head. Pointers are easy maintenance, live 13-14 years, and are prone to elbow, hip dysplasia, patellar luxation, and deafness.

Smooth Fox Terrier

The Smooth Fox Terrier, a small-sized terrier, has a unique long face and erect frame. These Dog Breeds From England are trick dogs and are used in dog shows and circuses. Smooth Fox Terriers even bolted foxes, used to hunt and retrieve birds and tracked deers. These Terriers are playful, alert, and intelligent breeds making great pet dogs for active families. Fox Terriers are excellent as sporting dogs and competes well in agility, obedience contests. They have smooth, short-haired white coats of black or tan markings and have a distinct V-shaped head. They are a low-maintenance breed, have a longevity of 12-15 years, and are prone to deafness, patellar luxation, and eye problems.

Sussex Spaniel

Sussex Spaniels are gundogs native to Sussex, England. These dogs are energetic, friendly, cheerful, and look similar to the Clumber Spaniel. These Dog Breeds From England were typically bred for flushing birds and for alerting about the quarry. Sussex Spaniels are one of the oldest Spaniels specially bred for the distinct barking ability and are pretty slow-paced. They make good watchdogs, are affectionate family pets, need intense grooming, and are talented dog sports participants. These compact-build Spaniels have silky coats of iconic golden liver shades, features featuring fur and floppy ears. They are small-sized, live 12-15 years, and are prone to heart problems and spinal disc herniation.

Whippet

The Whippet, a sighthound, is intelligent, friendly, quiet, and descends the Greyhounds. These Dog Breeds From England are excellent performers in dog sports such as agility, lure coursing, flyball, etc. Whippets have high running speed and were popularly used for straight-rag racing. They were notable companions and ratting dogs. Whippets are even called “”snap dogs”” for their hunting technique. They are great family dogs that require an active lifestyle. Whippets have a long slender build with short-haired coats of white, black, or red with various markings. These dogs have few health issues like arrhythmia, live 12-15 years, and are easy to groom.

Wire Fox Terrier

Wire Fox Terriers are old hunting terriers breeds. These Dog Breeds From England were bred to hunt foxes and were even owned by the English Royals. Wire Fox Terriers are fearless, alert, and fast kept as companion dogs. They highly resemble the Smooth Fox Terriers, but both differ in their descent. These dogs are popular show dogs and win various accolades. This Terrier is a great family dog and loves playing; plenty of exercises are easy to groom. They are small-sized erect-looking dogs having wiry, coarse white coats of black, brown markings and facial beards. They live 10-13 years, are prone to patellar luxation, deafness, and relatively low maintenance compared to other dogs.

Yorkshire Terrier

Yorkshire Terriers, natives to Yorkshire, England, are notably one of the most miniature terrier breeds. These Dog Breeds From England are among the most popular toy dogs but were originally bred for ratting purposes. Yorkshire Terriers are feisty, independent, and confident by nature. They make outstanding companions and are affectionate towards humans. Yorkies tend to bark a lot and make good watchdogs. They are pretty high maintenance and are strong competitors as show dogs. Yorkies are small-sized dogs having silky long-haired coats of the black-tan shed, with a characteristic small face and erect ears. They have a 13-16 years longevity, require high grooming needs, and are prone to bronchitis and cataracts.

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