🇮🇳 Dog Breeds In India: 17 Dog Breeds From Hindustan

Dog Breeds In India

The Fascinating History Behind Indian Native Dog Breeds

Have you ever pondered about the intriguing history of dog breeds in India? As one of the oldest civilizations, India is home to several indigenous dog breeds. Each breed has a unique tale, deeply linked to the country’s diverse terrain and rich culture. Through centuries, these breeds have been skillfully bred to become adept at various tasks such as hunting, guarding, or herding. 

Several breed lineages in India date back thousands of years. Cultural shifts, foreign invasions, and local lifestyles helped shape the unique attributes of Indian dogs. For example, Himalayan breeds were developed for surviving in cold climates, while breeds from the plains evolved smartly to endure harsh tropical conditions. If we look closer, the different dog breeds in India aren’t just a mere part of the ecosystem but are largely reflective of India’s varied past. 

This fascinating historical journey of Indian dog breeds offers a glimpse into the country’s intriguing past and showcases how humans and dogs have long interacted and evolved together.

Meet the Majestic Indian Dog Breeds


Welcome to an exploration of a truly fascinating Indian dog breed, the Kombai. Often referred to by other names like the Indian Bore Hound, Indian Bear Hound, or the Kombai Terrier, this breed is as multifaceted as its many names suggest. Originating from the southern Indian region, specifically the Theni and Cumbum districts of Tamil Nadu, the Kombai boasts an ancestry that stretches back nearly a thousand years! 

The Kombai breed is revered for its incredible strength, unyielding loyalty, and impressive hunting skills. Adding to their physical fortitude is a fierce intelligence, making these dogs not just dependable companions, but also adept protectors. Over the centuries, these dogs have secured a special place within the hearts of their human companions, often on account of their fierce devotion and resilient nature, which invariably reflects in their fearless approach towards protecting their households. 

Believe it or not, the versatility and robustness of the Kombai have also earned it the nickname of ‘Indian Pariah Dog’. This distinct breed, now rare and in need of preservation, truly encapsulates a breed heritage that is deeply intertwined with Indian history and culture.


Do you want to get to know a less-known, yet fascinating, breed of Indian dogs? Let’s introduce you to the Kanni. Also affectionately known as the ‘Maiden’s Beastmaster,’ the Kanni is a native hound breed originating from Tamil Nadu, India. Honored with such a name due to its dedication and fierce loyalty to its owner, the Kanni is treasured for its extraordinary hunting skills and high agility. This breed is held in high esteem for its unique features, athletic build, and spirited nature. 

Despite their ferocious hunting abilities, they are notably affectionate with their human companions. Their resiliency, endurance, and love make them well-suited partners for active families and individuals. But hold on, the Kanni isn’t just a one-trick pony. They also go by the names of “Tamilian Hound” or “South Indian Hound”. Don’t be surprised if you hear these terms, they’re all referring to the same majestic breed! 

Though they may not be as famous as other Indian breeds like the Rajapalayam or Chippiparai, their remarkable qualities deserve just as much recognition. So, let’s dive deeper into the world of Kanni dogs and discover what makes them so special. 

Rajapalayam (aka) Polygar Hound

Get ready to meet the Rajapalayam, one of India’s most loved native dog breeds. This breed, also known as Poligar Hound or Rajapalayam Hound, boasts a history that dates back centuries. Appreciated for their strong build and unparalleled loyalty, these dogs were originally bred as formidable hunting companions and guardians in Southern India, particularly in the Rajapalayam region. From their striking appearance with a pure white coat, almond-shaped eyes, and a regal demeanor, to their fiercely protective nature, this breed is indeed noteworthy. Equally captivating is their agility and speed, making them a highly sought-after breed both locally and globally. 

Living with a Rajapalayam is like being a part of an exciting tale as they’re not just pets, but also fascinating companions with a rich historical background. Their unwavering loyalty and protective instincts make them ideal family pets, always alert and on the guard to keep you and your loved ones safe. While they might seem robust and fierce, Rajapalayams are equally gentle, especially with those they consider family. So, if you’re looking to bring a bit of history and loyal companionship into your home, the Rajapalayam breed might be worth considering.


Standing out amidst the rich tapestry of native Indian dog breeds, we find the Chippiparai. This distinguished breed, also known by the titles, ‘Kanni’, ‘Maiden’s Beastmaster’, and ‘Pearl Leopard’, hails from the southern regions of India. It’s a name that reverberates with energy, embodying the essence of this highly active, athletic breed. Historically cherished by the royalty of Madurai and Tirunelveli, this breed was primarily used for hunting and keeping guard. 

Graceful and agile, Chippiparai dogs are known to possess an inherent stamina and resilience, capable of enduring harsh conditions without falling prey to common canine diseases. Their streamlined bodies, earmarked by a curved back and slender waist, are testament to their athletic prowess, developed over centuries in diverse and demanding terrains. Their short coats, ranging in a palette of colors from silver-grey, fawn, to solid and mixed colors, lend an air of elegance to their overall appearance. 

They’re also personable and intelligent. With an uncanny instinct to sense threats, Chippiparais are protective of their families, making them great watchdogs. Despite their intimidating stance, they’re remarkably gentle towards those they trust and tend to form lasting relationships with their human companions. Simply put, Chippiparai dogs embody the essence of unyielding loyalty and supreme athleticism pertinent to India’s native canine pedigree.

Bakharwal dog

If you’re exploring distinct canine breeds, let’s introduce you to the Bakharwal Dog, a captivating breed native to India. Also known by other names such as the Bakarwali Shepherd Dog, Gujjar Watchdog, or Bakarwal Mastiff, this breed has a remarkable history. The Bakharwal dog is known for its outstanding loyalty, bravery, and protective instincts, which are traits that have made this breed indispensable among the nomadic Gujjar tribe, who have used them for generations to guard their livestock from predators. 

The Bakharwal breed has been shaped by the unforgiving terrains of the Himalayas, developing exceptional endurance and strength. This breed has earned recognition for its thickly coated body, echoing its endurance to severe climates. Due to these traits, the Bakharwal dog is more than just a shepherd’s dog; it’s a survivor, well-designed to withstand the most challenging environments. 

Unfortunately, the Bakharwal dog is currently on the list of endangered breeds due to a number of reasons. But, as awareness about these indigenous dogs grows, many are hoping that efforts will be taken to ward off this risk. Indeed, the Bakharwal breed provides us a fascinating peek into the resilient world of native Indian dog breeds.

Banjara Hound

Let’s embark on a splendid journey, diving deep into the world of India’s native dog breeds. Among these renowned breeds, first up is the Banjara Hound. Also known as the Vanjari Hound, this breed is as interesting as its name suggests. Distinguished by their fine athleticism, the Banjara Hound traces its origin back to the nomadic Banjara community of India, which used these dogs for hunting and protective purposes. 

The Banjara Hound possesses a strong sense of loyalty and an unyielding spirit, reflecting the heritage of their ancestors who were key part of one of India’s oldest tribes. Agile, sturdy, and graceful, this breed displays endurance that was vital in rugged terrains. With a bright-eyed expression and a muscular built, they indeed are a sight to behold. The Banjara Hound’s striking features are not just skin-deep but mirror their compelling personality that’s as vibrant as India’s rich tapestry of cultures. 

Unraveling the story of the Banjara Hound is like delving into the core of India’s native dog breed heritage. Stay with us as we continue to navigate the magnificent world of India’s exquisite dog breeds.

Gull Dong

Welcome to the fascinating world of Indian native dog breeds, more specifically, the Gull Dong. Known alternately as the Pakistani Bull Dog and Kanda, this breed is a unique blend of strength and loyalty. A hybrid, the Gull Dong dog breed is a result of clever crossbreeding between the Gull Terrier and the Bully Kutta. This breed exhibits a dashing muscular body, alongside a keen intellect and unwavering loyalty, making it stand out among other Indian dog breeds. 

Acknowledged for its formidable physique and brightly alert nature, the Gull Dong is a prized breed in India and further afield. As should be expected of such a majestic breed, they are robust, energetic, and brave, well-suited for jobs requiring strength and endurance. But don’t let that tall, muscular exterior fool you. Despite their intimidating stature, Gull Dongs are known for their immense loyalty towards their human companions. 

Their popularity has been steadily growing, captured in the hearts of dog enthusiasts around the world. However, despite their rising fame, it’s fundamental to remember the importance of preserving the native integrity of this breed. With the proper care and understanding, you can fully appreciate the majesty of the Gull Dong – a proud icon of Indian canine heritage.

Gull Terrier

Let’s dive into the world of a lesser-known but no less majestic Indian dog breed – the Gull Terrier. Originating from the Northern regions of India, the Gull Terrier, also known as the Indian Bull Terrier or the Pakistani Gull Terrier, is a resilient and robust breed. It’s a firm favorite among dog lovers who prioritize strength, vitality, and adaptability. These dogs are incredibly muscular and powerful, impressing many with their physical prowess and daunting stature. 

Yet, amidst this vigorous exterior lies an undeniably gentle and affectionate heart, making them not only feared protectors but also loving companions. These are dogs known for their bravery, charm, and utmost loyalty, winning over scores of people with their affable temperament. Whether you know this breed as the Gull Terrier, Indian Bull Terrier, or Pakistani Gull Terrier, its qualities of strength, tenacity, and warm-heartedness remain consistent. This fascinating breed is emblematic of Indian canine diversity, symbolizing the rich and varied tapestry of native dog breeds in the country. 

Indian Pariah dog

If you’re curious about India’s native dog breeds, look no further than the Indian Pariah Dog, a breed rich with history and charisma. Known for their alertness and sociable nature, they are one of the oldest breeds globally and a vital part of India’s canine heritage. 

Interestingly, the Indian Pariah Dog goes by several aliases. They’re also known as the Pye Dog, Indian Native Dog or INDog. Don’t let the simple moniker fool you though, these dogs are far from ordinary. Blessed with an adaptable nature, the Pariah Dog plays various roles in Indian society, from a devoted pet to a vigilant watchdog. 

An advantage of their long residency in India is their evolutionary adaptation, making them more resilient against common health issues found in many purebred dogs. Learning about this breed not only provides a fascinating insight into India’s canine history, but also underlines the importance of preserving native dog breeds, like the Pariah Dog.

Therefore, whether you’re planning on adopting or just enlarging your knowledge about different dog breeds, the Indian Pariah dog is an engaging topic.

Indian Spitz

Let’s dive into the world of the charming Indian Spitz, a breed native to India. Known for their vibrant energy and alert intelligence, these dogs are truly an embodiment of their homeland. Also referred to as the Indian Pomeranian (although not a true Pomeranian), Greater Indian Spitz, or simply “Desi” Spitz, the definition of an Indian Spitz goes beyond names. 

An Indian Spitz dog sports a bright, white coat, reminiscent of the snow-covered peaks of the Himalayas. They boast of an intelligent gaze from their perky eyes, promising a lively personality. These dogs live with a constant merriment in their step, showcasing their playful nature. Prized for their adaptability, they can comfortably live in almost any Indian climate, from the hot plains to the cool mountaintops. 

Historically, this resilient breed was kept by nobility and was often a symbol of status. However, their popularity spread widely after the economic reforms in the 1990s, and they have now become a common household pet in the country. The Indian Spitz’s charm isn’t merely confined to India – their winning traits have garnered attention internationally.


Let’s begin our exploration of India’s indigenous dog breeds with an introduction to the Jonangi. Also known under the aliases ‘Jonangi Jagilam’ or ‘Kolleti Patti’, this impressive breed originates from Andhra Pradesh’s scenic coastal regions. With a history interwoven with rural life, the Jonangi is renowned for its exceptional attributes, and has long played a vital role as a guard dog and livestock herder in these regions. 

You might be surprised to discover that this breed is not only efficient but likewise highly intelligent and adaptable. They’re small in size, with a thin and agile body that carries details reflecting their hunting heritage – short coat, folded ears and a curled tail. Their resilience and affinity to tropical climates make them well suited for India’s diverse geographical conditions. The Jonangi is a breed that encapsulates the spirit and hardiness of India. 

Regarded as an endangered breed, the Jonangi is a symbol of an ancient heritage that is quickly fading. Its rare presence in urban spaces is a stark indication of the unfolding reality for many of India’s native dog breeds. It echoes the call to acknowledge, praise and preserve these wonderful dogs. 

So, let’s continue this journey as we unlock stories of noble and unique Indian breeds, starting with the valiant Jonangi. Allow this exploration to broaden your understanding and ignite passion these for treasured canine companions.


Here’s an engaging introduction to the Kaikadi, an intriguing native Indian dog breed. Born in the majestic landscapes of India, the Kaikadi is a sight to behold and a fascinating creature to study. This agile and lean breed, also known by other names such as ‘Kayakadi’, brings a unique set of qualities to the table. Not only are they superb hunters, but they also make excellent companions. Born in the heartland of Maharashtra, they get their name from the nomadic tribe known as the ‘Kaikadi’, who birthed and nurtured their species. 

The Kaikadi dog is known for its slender built, pointed snout, and keen sense of sight and smell, proving their worth in hunting. Their obsession with cleanliness is another noteworthy trait. Mixing a playful, friendly nature with an intelligent instinct, they can adapt well to diverse surroundings and living conditions. This breed is truly India’s hidden gem, waiting to be discovered and cherished by dog-enthusiasts around the world. Amidst all the native Indian breeds, the Kaikadi holds its ground with its robust qualities and charming personality.

Mahratta Greyhound

Let’s explore the intriguing world of Indian native breeds, starting with the lesser-known Mahratta Greyhound. This breed, also known under the guise of Maratha Hound, Pashmi Hound or Marathi Hound, is steeped in India’s history. It is a sighthound breed, specifically originating from the Maharashtra region of India. Known for their speed and agility, Mahratta Greyhounds are lean, muscular dogs with a sleek, smooth coat, making them quite a sight to behold. They have a devoted following, attracting local enthusiasts fond of their grace and performance prowess in dog racing and hunting. 

As with all domesticated animals, they have adapted perfectly to the region’s climate and terrain, building remarkable resilience against local diseases. Making them an efficient, hearty, and low-maintenance breed that serves both as a loyal companion and an efficient hunter. An understanding of the Mahratta Greyhound not only shines a light on India’s cultural history but also adds to the mosaic of global canine diversity. Appreciating and preserving this breed is pivotal in maintaining the unique canine heritage India proudly holds. In the following, we’ll dive further into the of world native Indian dog breeds, their history, importance, and rising popularity.

Mudhol Hound

Have you heard of the Mudhol Hound? This particular dog breed with roots in India is known for its phenomenal speed and agility. Also referred to as the Caravan or Pashmi Hound, it holds a special place among Indian native dog breeds. Originating from the Deccan Plateau, the Mudhol Hound is prized for its unique skills and physical characteristics. With a lean body and sharp, alert eyes, you’ll notice that it’s built for speed and endurance. Its lifestyle and form are a perfect representation of the rugged landscapes it has been bred in. 

What makes this breed stand out? The Mudhol Hound is known for its loyal temperament and protective nature, making it a suitable pet for families. Moreover, its hunting prowess makes it a popular choice among hunters. The Mudhol Hound is also renowned as a guard dog. Its energetic character and high drive make it a delight to train, yet it requires an experienced handler because of its independent and determined nature. One cannot help but admire the versatile qualities of this Indian native breed that has stood the test of time, ensuring their growing popularity both locally and globally.

Rampur Greyhound ( aka ) Rampur Hound

Have you heard of the Rampur Greyhound, also known as the Rampur Hound or North-Indian Greyhound? If not, you’re in for a treat. This native Indian dog breed is known for its grace, agility, and incredible speed. Originating from the Rampur region in Northern India, it’s one of those rare breeds that’s able to cope with the varying weather conditions experienced in the area, from hot summers to cold winters. 

The breed boasts a delicate frame, which might mislead you into underestimating the resilience that lies within. Don’t be fooled, this dog is as sturdy as they come, capable of taking on the toughest of terrains with the agility of a seasoned athlete. As you’d expect, they require plenty of exercises and are an excellent choice for owners who love an active lifestyle. 

The Rampur Greyhound has a slim, streamlined body that perfectly suits its high-speed pursuits. Its coat is fine and tight, adding to its sleek appearance. However, the true charm lies in its affectionate and loyal personality. Remarkably adaptable, they can adjust to different living conditions, but they are really at their happiest when given the freedom to stretch their long legs in vast outdoor spaces.


Have you ever heard of the Vikhan Dog, also known as the Indian Panther Hound or Vikhan Sheepdog? This is a fascinating breed, native to India, that you will thoroughly enjoy learning about. The Vikhan Dog is a true testament to India’s diverse and rich canine heritage. Raised originally for both companionship and work, these resilient dogs are adapted to thrive in India’s varied climates and landscapes. 

These dogs have distinctive features that set them apart from most breeds. With their tall and sturdy physique, long, shaggy coats, and sharp, alert eyes, Vikhan dogs are not only sturdy workers but are also revered for their striking looks. Their resilience and loyalty have led these dogs to become just as much a part of the family as any human counterpart. 

The Vikhan is a well-muscled and vigorous breed, considered by many as the embodiment of power and strength. This breed’s agility, coupled with its courage and tenacity, made it an ideal fit for protecting livestock from predatory animals. In modern times, the Vikhan’s admirable traits are continually recognized and admired, leading to an increasing appreciation for this unique canine breed. 

Bully Kutta

Take a look into one of India’s most distinguished dog breeds, the Bully Kutta. Known for their strong build and brave demeanor, these dogs have a rich heritage. Fondly referred to as the ‘Beast of the East,’ the Bully Kutta occupies a special place in the heart of dog lovers not just in India, but around the world. They’re famous for their agility and strength, which makes them incredible guard dogs. 

Originating from the Thanjavur and Tiruchi districts of South India, the Bully Kutta breed possesses a unique air of nobility and pride. Their commanding physical presence, characterized by a dense coat, powerful jaws, sharp eyes, and muscular body, showcases their ancient lineage. This breed’s loyalty and protective instinct towards their family is remarkable, which, coupled with their intelligence and training, makes them ideal pets for many households. 

Interestingly enough, the term ‘Bully Kutta’ translates to ‘heavily wrinkled dog.’ But don’t be fooled by the name. Although these dogs can be imposing, they are known for their gentle demeanor and friendliness toward their human companions. Their endurance, courage, and adaptability to harsh climates are traits that make them stand out amongst Indian dog breeds. So next time you meet a Bully Kutta, remember, you’re meeting a true symbol of India’s canine heritage.

The Importance of Preserving Native Dog Breeds in India

Let’s consider the significance of protecting India’s indigenous dog breeds. These rare, diverse breeds hold a unique cultural and genetic heritage that is worth cherishing. Preserving them means preserving a part of India’s rich biodiversity, as they are perfectly adapted to the local environments of their origin, with remarkable endurance, stamina, and resistance to regional diseases. When we neglect these stately breeds, we lose more than just companions; we lose robust protectors, skilled hunters, and a rich part of our history. Moreover, by embracing and promoting native dog breeds, we can stem the flow of unnecessary imports, which often leads to unethical breeding practices. So, by fostering these majestic dogs, we not only protect our heritage but also contribute to improving animal welfare. It’s high time we appreciate these domestic treasures and do our part to ensure their survival for future generations to admire.

The Rising Popularity of Indian Dog Breeds Worldwide

Indian native dog breeds are fast gaining fandom across the globe due to their unique characteristics, resilience, and adaptability. The Indian Pariah, for example, is hailed for its brilliant survival instincts. Their effortless ability to thrive in different climates is another fascination. Then there’s the Rajapalayam – a dog breed known for its sheer elegance and loyalty. 

International dog enthusiasts seem to have a growing interest in breeds like the Kanni, praised for its speed and agility. And the Mudhol Hound has even sparked curiosity in the royal circles of England. These Indian dogs, with their distinctive traits and admirable endurance, are making their mark in the world of canine lovers. The global recognition they’re receiving is not only a testament to their exceptional qualities but also brings such necessary attention to the preservation of these native breeds.


As we’ve seen, India’s native dog breeds offer an array of captivating histories, stunning appearan

ces, and unique characteristics. Their increasing worldwide popularity demonstrates their profound charm and adaptability. However, it’s essential to remember the importance of preserving these breeds in their homeland to protect their historical lineage and indigenous traits. Ensuring the longevity of these breeds not only honors India’s rich cultural heritage but also contributes to maintaining global canine diversity. As you embark on your journey to explore or perhaps own one of these majestic breeds, keep in mind their needs, their backgrounds, and the significant roles they play in our ecosystem. Together, we can appreciate, preserve, and promote these remarkable Indian native dog breeds.

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