Kombai is a sighthound reputed as guard dogs. They were owned by the zamindars and equaled in the value of one horse. These Dog Breeds In India are known to have worked in the armies of Tipu Sultan and Hyder Ali. Kombai, also called Polygar dogs, are aggressive, robust and intelligent. This medium-sized breed was extensively used in wars and was trained to tear off the hamstrings of enemy horses. These low maintenance dogs are not suitable family pets for their ferociousness and hunting descent. It has short-haired coats of reddish-brown shades, a black mask, a slim tail and presents an athletic build. Kombai dogs live 13-14 years and are prone to hip dysplasia and dermatitis.
Kanni, a sighthound on the verge of extinction, is the black-tan variation of the Chippiparai. In India, these medium-sized Breeds, known as the Maiden’s Beastmaster, were gifted to the brides during marriage as their guardians. Nowadays, Kanni is a multipurpose, as well as a sporting dog, and is known for its guarding skills. These ancient dog breeds in India are territorial, fearless and determined and are good companions. They are prized hunters on the verge of extinction, have impeccable endurance and speed of about 60 kmph. They have low maintenance short-haired dense coats of black-tan shade and features a long slender build. Kanni have a longevity of 12-16 years and are prone to dental and liver problems.
Rajapalayam (aka) Polygar Hound
Rajapalayam is a devoted, affectionate and tenacious sighthound breed known as the Polygar Hound or Indian Ghost Hound. These large-sized Dog Breeds In India were initially used for hunting wild boars. Rajapalayam dogs were developed in the 18th century and were bred during the Nayak Dynasty of Tamil Nadu. They have the distinct abilities to work as both bay and catch dogs and hunt by sight possessing excellent tracking, scenting skills. These hounds are good adaptable companions who tirelessly guard and protect their owners. Rajapalayam dog is low maintenance and has short-haired white coats featuring a large muscular frame and curved tail. They have a longevity of 10-12 years and are prone to deafness and congenital eye defects.
Chippiparai is a sighthound. These Dog Breeds In India are often called the most intelligent and meek amongst the native Indian breeds. They were traditionally used for hunting small games like the hare and are now trained as successful police dogs. Chippiparai has descended from the Saluki and are intelligent, loyal and brave. This one master dog is a good family pet best suited for an active lifestyle and homes having adequate space. It requires daily exercise, activities and has low grooming needs. Chippiparai has short-haired coats of white, grey, fawn shades, long legs and a lean hardy build. They have a 13-15 years lifespan and are prone to progressive retinal atrophy and hip dysplasia.
The Bakharwal dog is a large-sized livestock guardian dog used as a settlement protector by the Bakharwal and Gujjar Nomadic Tribes. These Dog Breeds in India are extremely rare and bred for protecting sheep, cows from large predators. Bakharwal dogs are vigilant, courageous, intelligent and are closely related to the Tibetan Mastiff. They can make good family pets as these gentle giants love to play but require regular exercise, activities, a dairy-based diet, and fine grooming. This Molosser breed has dense medium-length coats of fawn, black or white shades, bushy tail and features a robust frame. They have a lifespan of 10-12 years and are prone to hip dysplasia and bloat.
Banjara Hound, known as Nomad’s best companion, is a sighthound. These Dog Breeds In India were bred for hunting deer and guarding flocks, camps. They are energetic, hardworking, courageous and are closely related to the Saluki. They are excellent watchdogs and are generally kept as guard dogs, require moderate exercise, early socialisation and are very easy to groom. The Banjara Hound is known to have the speed of a Greyhound and stamina of a Collie but is currently facing the dangers of extinction. They have short-haired coats of varied shades, slim tails and features a slender robust build. These hounds live 12-14 years and are not known to have any severe health issues.
Bully Kutta is a hunting dog of the 16th century initially bred for hunting and guarding. These large-sized Dog Breeds In India were owned by Indian Kings for hunting wild beasts. This Indian Mastiff is intelligent, fearless, energetic and used for illegal dog fighting also. The ‘Beast Of The East is typically a one master dog and can make good family companions, but proper training and early socialisation are necessary. Bully Kutta requires daily exercise, adequate space and is easy to groom. They have short-haired coats of white, black, fawn shades, slim tails, and they present a massive, robust build. These beasts have a lifespan of 8-10 years and are prone to hip dysplasia and arthritis.
The rare large-sized Gull Dong is native to both India and Pakistan. They are predominantly used for hunting, dog fighting and guarding purposes. These Dog Breeds In India are well known for their speed and tenacity. The Gull Dong is an aggressive, loyal and intelligent breed. Developed in the 1900s, these canines are very wary of strangers and territorial by nature. They are affectionate family companions but need practical training, socialisation and an active lifestyle. This working dog is easy to groom, having short-haired coats of white, black, grey shades featuring a distinct Mastiff-like hefty massive frame. Gull Dong has a longevity of 10-14 years and is prone to ear infections and deafness.
The Gull Terrier is closely related to the Bull Terriers of Great Britain. These Dog Breeds In India were used for dogfighting, hunting and guarding purposes. They were even used in bull-baiting, a blood sport introduced by the British. Developed in the 1900s, these medium-sized dogs are typically celebrated for their stamina and tenacity. This dog is aggressive, trainable and fearless. Gull Terriers are good companions and need intense training, socialisation, an active lifestyle, and easy to groom. They have short-haired coats of commonly white shade, large erect ears and features a compact, sturdy physique. Gull Terriers have a lifespan of 10-14 years and are prone to deafness and blindness.
Indian Pariah dog
Indian Pariah dog is popularly known as Desi Dog or Indian Native Dog (INDog). They developed about 4500 years ago and are the typical street dogs of India. These Dog Breeds In India are used as guard and police dogs. This breed is alert, curious and independent. These medium-sized dogs are good family companions as they are affectionate towards humans and are adaptable to any lifestyle. They are very trainable, need moderate exercise and are easy to groom. Indian Pariah has short to medium-length haired coats of various shades with markings, curved tails, erect ears and is sturdily built. It has a lifespan of 13-16 years and is not prone to any serious health ailments.
The Indian Spitz is a trendy companion dog. They are closely related to the German Spitz, and their look resembles the Samoyed and Pomeranian. These Dog Breeds In India came into existence during British Rule and were popularised during the 1980s. Indian Spitz is an active, lively and alert breed. They are well adapted to the hot and humid climate of India and are ideal family companions. Indian Spitz is wary of strangers, highly adaptable, excellent watchdogs and require fine grooming. These small-sized Spitz have medium-length, commonly white-haired coats, pointy fox-like ears, and compact build. They have a lifespan of 12-15 years and are prone to eye problems and hip dysplasia.
The near-extinct Jonangi closely resembles the English Bull Terrier. These medium-sized Dog Breeds In India are old breeds that originated along the Pulicat and Kolleru Lakes. They were used as guard dogs and for hunting small game and herding ducks. Jonangi is a loyal, gentle and determined breed. It has a distinct musical voice, loves trailing and has scenting solid abilities. Jonangi is a good companion and needs adequate activities and exercise; they are very adaptable, easy to groom, and not compatible with small children and small pets. Jonangi has very short-haired coats of varied shades, tulip-like ears, slim tails and is sturdily built. It lives 10-14 years and is prone to arthritis and ear infections.
The Kaikadi is a sighthound typically kept by the nomadic tribe Kaikadi in parts of Gujarat and Maharashtra. These Dog Breeds In India are pack hunters used for hunting small games like monkeys, rats, mongooses etc. Kaikadi is an energetic, territorial and alert breed. They are good companions who are well known for their exceptional stamina. These medium-sized dogs need regular exercise and activities, are easy to groom and are excellent watchdogs. They are best suited for homes having adequate space. Kaikadi has short-haired coats of white, black coats with patches, skinny hound-like features, slim tails and presents a lean, powerful physique. It has a lifespan of 12-14 years and is prone to hypoglycemia and pancreatitis.
Mahratta Greyhound or Mahratta Hound is a sighthound-type dog. They are bred by the nomadic tribe Banjara of Maharashtra. These Dog Breeds In India are used for hunting panthers, boars and blackbuck. Mahratta Greyhounds are related to the Saluki and are independent, energetic and pleasant breeds. They have extreme endurance and possess high speed. Mahratta Hounds are loyal companions with a high prey drive. They require an active lifestyle, are highly adaptable and have low grooming needs. It has short-haired coats of dark blue, tan or black shades, semi-erect ears and features a compact lean physique. These medium-sized breeds have a lifespan of 10-12 years and are not prone to any significant health issues.
Mudhol Hound, also called Maratha or Caravan or Karwaani Hound, is a sighthound. They are intelligent, loyal and courageous breeds known for their versatility. These Dog Breeds In India are Saluki and Tazi Descendents brought by the Pathans, Afghans, Arabs and Persians. Mudhol Hounds are good family dogs who are even good guards and watchdogs. They are highly adaptable to the Indian weather and experience excellent health. Accessible to groom, these hounds require an active lifestyle filled with exercise and activities. Mudhol Hound has short-haired coats of fawn or mixed shades, a skinny Greyhound look, and is sturdily built. They are large-sized and have a lifespan of 13-14 years.
Rampur Greyhound ( aka ) Rampur Hound
Rampur Greyhound or Rampur Hound is a sighthound that resembles the Sloughi in appearance. These Dog Breeds In India are used for hunting boars, jackals and lions. This rare medium-sized dog resulted from interbreeding the Tazi, Afghan Hound and English Greyhound in the early 19th century by Nawab Ahmad Ali Khan of Rampur. They are fierce, loyal, shy breeds with fantastic sight and are not considered good family dogs. These hounds are pack oriented, typically one master dog and are low maintenance. Rampur Greyhound has short-haired coats of white, fawn or bicolour shades, a long slim tail and features a robust lean build. It lives 10-12 years and is prone to Osteosarcoma and bloat.
These Dog Breeds In India, known for their speed and agility, are used to protect sheep, and their dark fur is often used to make dark wool. Vikhan Sheepdogs are territorial, aggressive and courageous and are excellent watchdogs. They are used for hunting leopards, coyotes and guarding livestock by blending into the flock. Vikhans are not typically kept as family companions and feature a lighter build than other Sheepdogs. The rare large-sized Vikhan is a livestock guardian dog native to Pakistan and India. It has long-haired coats of black, red or mottled shades, bushy tails and is built for strength. They have a 6-8 years lifespan and are prone to bloat, elbow, and hip dysplasia.